Forms of violence


Forms of violence

The various forms of violence may overlap and are rarely exercised separately.

Physical violence

Directed against the physical well-being of another person.
This includes

  • Pushing
  • Boxing
  • Choking
  • Slapping
  • Kicking
  • Throwing things
  • Pouring liquids over someone
  • Pulling hair
  • Grabbing hard
  • Hitting
  • Burning with cigarettes
  • Hitting the head against the wall
  • Attacks with an object (knife, belt etc.)
  • Attempted murder or murder

Psychological violence

Directed against the mental well-being of another person, with the goal of compromising self-esteem.

This includes

  • Insult and humiliation
  • Slander
  • Belittlement
  • Disrespect
  • Silence
  • Degrading
  • Jealousy
  • Playing down physical violence exercised
  • Shouting
  • Control of social contacts with friends, family and work colleagues
  • Social isolation
  • Destruction of valuable personal items

Social violence

Separates the person concerned from their respective environment.

This includes

  • Inhibiting contact to relatives, friends and/or acquaintances
  • as well as suppression of free time activities

Sexual violence

Are all sexual acts that happen against the will of those concerned. Sexual violence is a massive act of violence against both the physical and moral well-being of those affected.

This includes

  • Rape
  • Attempted rape
  • Sexual abuse
  • Sexual harassment
  • as well as all forms of sexual threat Economic violence Increases affected parties' financial dependence on the partner This includes
  • Denial of access to money
  • Allocation of money
  • as well as using money as a form of reward and/or punishment

Harassment and stalking

This form of violence is frequently exercised by ex-partners who do not want to accept the separation.

These include

  • Frequent and unwanted calls, text messages, letters, emails, faxes
  • Unrequested orders on behalf of those affected
  • Continuous monitoring and pursuit
  • Persistent verbal abuse and threats
  • Leaving of unwanted messages
  • or contacting through third parties